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  • Contrastive American English and British English

    Konten [Tampil]

    OPENING

    A. Backround

    Many areas of the world are populated by people speaking different languages. English spelling is commonly used in the world can be classified into two kinds, namely the American and British spelling. American spelling is often used in the United States and the countries affected by the US while British spelling is used in the country of Great Britain (United Kingdom) and the Commonwealth countries. 



    Both of these spellings have significant differences, mainly due to the conflict between Britain and the American colonies that led to the independence of the US war. American people were trying to escape the influence of the United Kingdom and seek their own identity. Adjustment English is one aspect of that.

    At the beginning of the 18th century, English spelling not yet have a written standard. The standard difference become obvious after the publication of the influential dictionaries. British English spelling is now almost entirely followed the writings of Samuel Johnson in his book The Dictionary of the English Language (English Dictionary) published in 1755.

    American English spelling was first introduced by Noah Webster in his book An American Dictionary of the English Language (American Dictionary of the English Language) in 1828. Webster is someone who has been fighting to change the spelling of English on the grounds of language and nationalism. Many of the changes proposed by Webster's spelling is not accepted.

    In Canada, though most use the British spelling, but the American spelling is also used because the Canadian adjacent to the US.


    B. Problem Statements

    Based on the background above, the problem statements are:

    1.      What is the definition and brief history of British and American?

    2.      What is the difference between British and America?

    DISCUSSION


    A. Definition and Brief History of British and American

    British English (BrE) is the form of English used in the United Kingdom. It includes all English dialects used in the United Kingdom.

    American English (AmE) is the form of English used in the United States. It includes all English dialects used in the United States.[1]

    The English language was introduce to the Americans through British colonization in the aerly 17th century and it spread to many parts of the world because of the strength of the British empire. Over the years, English spoken in the United States and in Britian started diverging from each other in various aspects. This led to two dialects in the form of the American English and the British English.

    Prior to the Revolutionary War and American independence from the British in 1776, American and British accents were similar. Since 1776, the accents diverged but English accent in America has changed less drastically than aceents in Britian. Towards the end of the 18th century, non-rhotic speech took off in southern England, especially among the upper class; this “prestige” non-rhotic speech was standardized, and has been spreading in Britian ever since. Most American accents, however, remained in rhotic. There are a few fascinating expcetions: New York and New England accents became non-rhotic, perhaps because of the region’s British connection. Irish and Scottish accents, however, remained rhotic. To be fair, both American and British English have several types of accents and there is no one true American or British accent.[2]



    B. The Difference Between British and American

    The difference between American English and British English are Pronunciation (Pronunciation), Spelling (Spelling Words), and Vocabulary.  For more details, ere is an explanation of the difference between American Style with British Style.

    1. Spelling

    British English is still likely to retain the spelling of the French language. But for the American English spelling try to eliminate unneeded also is closer to the pronunciation. Here are some examples

    -ize/-ise (-yze/yse)

    American

    British

    characterize:  ˈker.ɪk.tɚ.aɪz

    Characterise:  ˈkær.ɪk.tə.raɪz

    Prioritize:  /prˈɔːr.ətaiz/

    Prioritise:  /praɪˈɒr.ɪ.taɪz/

    Specialize:  /ˈspeʃəl.aɪz/

    specialise /speʃ.ə.laɪz/

    Analyze: /ˈæn. ə l.aɪz/

    Analyse: /ˈæn. ə l.aɪz/

    -or/-our

    American

    British

    Behavior: / bɪˈheɪ vjɚ/

    Behaviour: /bɪˈheɪ.vjə r /

    Color: /ˈkʌlɚ/

    Colour: /ˈkʌl.ə r /

    Favor: /ˈfeɪvɚ/

    Favour: /ˈfeɪ.və r /

    Contour: /ˈkɑːn.tʊr/

    Contour: /ˈkɒn.tɔː r /





    -e/(-ae or -oe)

    American

    British

    Ameba: /əˈmiː.bə/

    Amoeba: /əˈmiː.bə/

    Anesthesia: /ˌæn.əsˈθiː.ʒə/

    Anaesthesia: /ˌæn.əsˈθiː.zi.ə/

    Diarrhea: /ˌdaɪ.əˈriː.ə/

    Diarrhoea: /ˌdaɪ.əˈriː.ə/

    Esophagus: / ɪˈsɑː.fəs/

    Oesophagus: /ɪˈsɒf.ə.gəs/

    Leukemia: /luːˈkiː.mi.ə/

    Leukaemia: /luːˈkiː.mi.ə/

    Cesium: /ˈsiːzi.əm/

    Caesium: /ˈsiːzi.əm/





    -se/-ce

    American

    British

    Defense: /dɪˈfen t  s/

    Defence: /dɪˈfen t  s/

    Practice (noun and verb): /ˈpræk.tɪs/

    practice (noun)/practise (verb): /ˈpræk.tɪs/

    License (noun and verb): /ˈlaɪ.sənt s/

    Licence (noun)/license (verb): /ˈlaɪ.sənt s/

    Defensive: /dɪˈfen t  .sɪv/

    Defensive: /dɪˈfen t  .sɪv/       

    Advice (noun)/advise (verb): /ədˈvaɪs/

    advice (noun)/advise (verb): /ədˈvaɪs/


    2. Pronunciation

    In the pronunciation, it is clear that there are differences between American English and British English. There are so many differences there are between American English and British English, here is an example:

    a.       Americans pronounce the letter "R" by rolling the tongue back and pressed them together to the palate. While the British people do not pronounce the letter "R" in a word, especially if the letter "R" is located at the end of a word, for example, the word "Mother".

    b.      In American English, the word "Can" and "Can not" sound very similar and there was no difference at all even if the meaning is different. Stay for British English there is a clear difference, the difference is if for the word "Can" they pronounce it "ken", while for "Can not" pronounce be "kan't".

    c.       People Americans tend to pronounce words ending in "duce" (Reduce, Produce, etc.) with more relaxed, which means that after the letter "D"  the sound of the letter "U". As for British English, letter "D" added to the sound of the letter "J".

    d.      Americans tend to reduce words by eliminating some letters. The word "Facts" misalanya, in American English is pronounced to be "Fax" and omit the letter "T".

    e.       Sometimes a particular letter was also eliminated in British English. For example, the word "Secretary", the letter "A" is not pronounced.

    The emphasis in a word or accent became one difference between British English and American English. But the difference of this accent should not be made an issue. Accents only merupakn an identity that shows where they came from.

    3. Vocabulary

    In the 18th century many emerging English dictionaries published by writers the world. And it is very difficult to find a standardization of the English language that will be used as the national identity American and the British Empire. In addition to differences Spelling and Pronunciation, there are also differences in terms Vocabulary. Here are the differences between English Vocabulary British to American English:

    British English              American English

    nappy                             diaper

    pants, underpants           underpants, drawers

    post                                mail

    postbox                          mailbox

    railway                           railroad

    return (ticket)                  round-trip

    rubber                             eraser

    rubbish                           garbage, trash

    rubbish-bin                     garbage can, trashcan

    saloon (car)                    sedan

    shop                                shop, store

    single (ticket)                  one-way

    spanner                           wrench

    sweets                            candy

    taxi                                 taxi, taxi cab

    telly (informal), TV        television, TV

    timetable                        schedule

    tin                                   can

    torch                               flashlight

    trousers                           pants, trousers

    tube (train)                     subway

    underground (train)       subway

    wallet                             wallet, billfold

    wellington boots            rubber boots, rain boots

    whisky                            whisky/whiskey

    windscreen                     windshield

    zip                                  zipper[3]

    CLOSED


    A. Conclusion

    British English (BrE) is the form of English used in the United Kingdom. It includes all English dialects used in the United Kingdom. Whereas American English (AmE) is the form of English used in the United States. It includes all English dialects used in the United States

    English into the United States caused by the colonization of the British nation in North America at about the 17th century. English was first introduced to Americans by the colonial British in 1607 in Jamestown, Virginia. This is exactly the background for the emergence of American English and British English.

    The difference between American English and British English are Pronunciation (Pronunciation), Spelling (Spelling Words), and Vocabulary.

    B.Suggestion

    In English said there are two British and American maun use up to us which one you think is good.

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